Define Helpers

Helpers are functions for use within your routes. You may want to use the same helper in multiple route files, so this allows you to write it once, and include it at wherever you need it.


  • To use your helpers, they must be exported from your helper file using module.exports.
  • To include the helper in your route file, you must use a require statement.


Below is code from the customValidation helper that is referenced in Define Routes. It takes the request and the logger method from the route declaration, and makes a call to an external API to validate the headers. The API in this example is just returning a list of ToDos, but it could easily be replaced with a call to a real authentication service.


const authRequest = (options) => {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const req = https.request(options, (res) => {
      let responseBody = '';

      res.on('data', (chunk) => {
        responseBody += chunk;

      res.on('end', () => {

    req.on('error', (err) => {


const customValidation = async (request,logger) => {
  const options = {
    hostname: '',
    port: 443,
    path: '/todos/1',
    method: 'GET',
    headers: { authorization: request.headers.authorization },

  const result = await authRequest(options);

   *  throw an authentication error based on the response body or statusCode
  if (result.error) {
    const errorString = result.error || 'Sorry, there was an error authenticating your request';
    throw new Error(errorString);
  return request;

module.exports = customValidation;